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Title: Anaesthetic management for endobronchial valve insertion: lessons learned from a single centre retrospective series and a literature review.
Authors: Thiruvenkatarajan V
Maycock T
Grosser D
Currie J
Keywords: emphysema
endobronchial valve
general Anaesthesia
monitored care
Source: BMC Anesthesiol. 2018 Dec 27;18(1):206.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Endoscopic lung volume reduction using one or more endobronchial valves is a treatment option for a select group of patients with severe emphysema. Patients presenting for this procedure pose various challenges to the anaesthetist; in addition to their lung condition, they are often elderly with multiple comorbidities. The procedure is usually performed outside the operating room. Monitored anaesthesia care with intravenous sedation, and general anaesthesia with an endotracheal tube have both been described for these procedures, aiming for adequate ventilation and haemodynamic stability. METHODS: We present our experience on 20 of these procedures in relation to the anaesthetic techniques employed and discuss the perioperative challenges involved in managing these cases. RESULTS: Twenty one planned endobronchial valve insertion procedures were identified on 18 patients. There were ten cases of monitored anaesthesia care with sedation and 10 cases which used general anaesthesia with an endotracheal tube. Two have been excluded; one had features of anaphylaxis and the procedure was abandoned, and the other required conversion from monitored anaesthesia care to general anaesthesia with endotracheal tube. CONCLUSIONS: Both monitored anaesthesia care with sedation and general anaesthesia with endotracheal tube were well tolerated during endobronchial valve insertion procedures. General anaesthesia with endotracheal tube may offer better interventional conditions, patient comfort and reduced anaesthetic time.
DOI: 10.1186/s12871-018-0
PubMed URL:
Journal Title: BMC Anesthesiology
Type: Journal Article
Study/Trial: Editorial
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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