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Title: A systematic review and meta-analysis of nutrition interventions for chronic noncancer pain
Authors: Brain K
Burrows TL
Rollo ME
Chai LK
Clarke ED
Hayes C 
Hodson FJ
Collins CE
Keywords: Chronic Pain
dietary intake
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Source: 32(2):198-225
Journal Title: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract: BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of nutrition interventions on participant reported pain severity and intensity in populations with chronic pain. METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for studies that included adult populations with a chronic pain condition, a nutrition intervention and a measure of pain. Where possible, data were pooled using meta-analysis. Seventy-one studies were included, with 23 being eligible for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Studies were categorised into four groups: (i) altered overall diet with 12 of 16 studies finding a significant reduction in participant reported pain; (ii) altered specific nutrients with two of five studies reporting a significant reduction in participant reported pain; (iii) supplement-based interventions with 11 of 46 studies showing a significant reduction in pain; and (iv) fasting therapy with one of four studies reporting a significant reduction in pain. The meta-analysis found that, overall, nutrition interventions had a significant effect on pain reduction with studies testing an altered overall diet or just one nutrient having the greatest effect. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the importance and effectiveness of nutrition interventions for people who experience chronic pain.
DOI: 10.1111/jhn.12601
ISSN: 0952-3871
Type: Journal Article
Affiliates: University of Newcastle
Study/Trial: Systematic Reviews
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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