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Title: Prewarming neurosurgical patients to minimize hypotension on induction of anesthesia
Authors: Darvall, J
Vijayakumar, R
Leslie, K 
Keywords: prewarming
Issue Date: May-2016
Source: Darvall J, Vijayakumar R, Leslie K Prewarming neurosurgical patients to minimize hypotension on induction of anesthesia: a randomized trial Can J Anesth 2016:63;577-583
Abstract: PURPOSE: Prewarming prior to surgery is effective in preventing perioperative hypothermia. There is a paucity of evidence, however, regarding the hemodynamic effects of prewarming. We hypothesized that the nadir mean arterial pressure during anesthesia induction would be higher after prewarming than after no prewarming. METHODS: We randomized 32 patients prior to elective neurosurgery to receive either one hour of forced-air convective warming at 46°C or routine care (full body blanket with convective warmer attached but not turned on). All patients had invasive blood pressure, heart rate, and core temperature monitoring before and during warming and underwent a protocolized intravenous anesthetic induction with propofol and remifentanil target-controlled infusions. The primary endpoint was the nadir mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during induction. Hypotension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg, MAP < 60 mmHg, or a reduction in either SBP or MAP > 20% from baseline values. RESULTS: No difference was found in the mean (SD) nadir MAP between the prewarmed group and the control group [64 (11) mmHg vs 68 (16) mmHg, respectively; mean difference, 5 mmHg; 95% confidence interval (CI), -6 to 15; P = 0.36]. Similarly, there was no difference between groups in the incidence of hypotension (100% of prewarmed vs 93% of control patients; relative risk, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.23; P = 0.32) or in the requirement for vasopressors during induction (four patients in each group required metaraminol; P = 1.00). CONCLUSION: Prewarming with convective forced air for one hour prior to intravenous anesthetic induction did not prevent hypotension during the induction period (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry [ANZCTR] ACTRN12615000431527).
DOI: 10.1007/s12630-016-0601-6
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 0832-610X
Study Name: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry [ANZCTR] ACTRN12615000431527
Journal Title: Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthesie
Type: Journal Article
Affiliates: Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists
Study/Trial: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial/Controlled Clinical Trial
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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