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Title: Detection of postoperative cognitive decline after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is affected by the number of neuropsychological tests in the assessment battery.
Authors: Lewis, Matthew S
Maruff, Paul
Silbert, Brendan S
Evered, Lis A
Scott, David A
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Source: The Annals of thoracic surgery 2006-06; 81(6): 2097-104
Abstract: The assessment of postoperative cognitive dysfunction after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is made with the repeated administration of cognitive tests. This classification is vulnerable to error, and it has been suggested that increasing the number of tests in a battery while maintaining constant inclusion criteria for postoperative cognitive dysfunction increases the rate of false positive classification of deterioration. The current study tested this by applying a constant rule for cognitive dysfunction using combinations of two to seven cognitive tests. Two hundred and four coronary artery bypass graft patients (surgical) and 90 healthy nonsurgical controls aged 55 years or older completed a battery of cognitive tests at baseline (preoperative) and 1 week later (postoperative). In both groups, postoperative cognitive dysfunction was classified using all unique combinations of two to seven cognitive tests when performance deteriorated on two or more tests by at least the value of the baseline standard deviation. The average incidence of cognitive dysfunction progressively increased in both groups as the number of cognitive tests increased from two (surgical: 13.3%; control: 3.1%) to seven tests (surgical: 49.4%; control: 41.1%). Increasing the number of tests used to classify postoperative cognitive dysfunction appears to increase the sensitivity to change in the coronary artery bypass graft group. However, accompanying false positive classifications suggest that this improved sensitivity reflected increased error. Future rules for postoperative cognitive dysfunction need to account for this error and include a control group.
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.01.044
PubMed URL:
Journal Title: The Annals of thoracic surgery
Type: Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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