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Title: Incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction after general or spinal anaesthesia for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
Authors: Silbert, B S
Evered, L A
Scott, D A
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Source: British journal of anaesthesia 2014-11; 113(5): 784-91
Abstract: Since general anaesthesia invariably accompanies surgery, the contribution of each to the development of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has been difficult to identify. A prospective randomized controlled trial was undertaken in elderly patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Between 2005 and 2011, 2706 individuals were screened to recruit 100 eligible patients. Patients were randomly assigned to receive general or spinal anaesthesia alone. A battery of eight neuropsychological tests was administered before operation and at 7 days and 3 months after operation. The reliable change index was used to calculate the incidence of POCD. Intention-to-treat analysis was used to compare rates of POCD. Futility analysis led to stopping of the trial after recruitment of 100 patients. Fifty patients were randomly assigned to general anaesthesia, and 48 patients to spinal anaesthesia without sedation or postoperative opioids. At 3 months, POCD was detected in 6.8% [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.4-18.7%] of patients in the general anaesthesia group and 19.6% (95% CI: 9.4-33.9%) in the spinal group (P=0.07). At 7 days after operation, the incidence of POCD was 4.1% (95% CI: 0.5-14%) in the general anaesthesia group and 11.9% (95% CI: 4.0-26.6%) in the spinal group (P=0.16). We found no significant difference in the rates of POCD when comparing general anaesthesia with spinal anaesthesia, suggesting that the surgical or procedural process itself may contribute to the development of POCD. Australian Clinical Trials Registry number ACTRN12605000150640.
DOI: 10.1093/bja/aeu163
PubMed URL:
Journal Title: British journal of anaesthesia
Type: Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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