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Title: Restrictive versus liberal fluid therapy in major abdominal surgery (RELIEF): rationale and design for a multicentre randomised trial
Authors: Bellomo, R
Corcoran, T
Forbes, A
Wallace, S
Peyton, P
Christophi, C
Story, DA 
Leslie, K 
Serpell, J
McGuinness, S 
Parke, R
Issue Date: 2017
Source: 7:e015358
Abstract: Introduction The optimal intravenous fluid regimen for patients undergoing major abdominal surgery is unclear. However, results from many small studies suggest a restrictive regimen may lead to better outcomes. A large, definitive clinical trial evaluating perioperative fluid replacement in major abdominal surgery, therefore, is required. Methods/analysis We designed a pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, controlled trial (the RELIEF trial). A total of 3000 patients were enrolled in this study and randomly allocated to a restrictive or liberal fluid regimen in a 1:1 ratio, stratified by centre and planned critical care admission. The expected fluid volumes in the first 24 hour from the start of surgery in restrictive and liberal groups were ≤3.0 L and ≥5.4 L, respectively. Patient enrolment is complete, and follow-up for the primary end point is ongoing. The primary outcome is disability-free survival at 1 year after surgery, with disability defined as a persistent (at least 6 months) reduction in functional status using the 12-item version of the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule. Ethics/dissemination The RELIEF trial has been approved by the responsible ethics committees of all participating sites. Participant recruitment began in March 2013 and was completed in August 2016, and 1-year follow-up will conclude in August 2017. Publication of the results of the RELIEF trial is anticipated in early 2018.
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015358
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 2044-6055
Study Name: Trial registration number identifier NCT01424150.
Journal Title: BMJ Open
Type: Journal Article
Affiliates: Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists
Study/Trial: Clinical Trial
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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