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Title: Sugammadex, neostigmine and postoperative pulmonary complications: an international randomised feasibility and pilot trial
Authors: Leslie, K 
Chan, MTV 
Darvall, JN 
De Silva, AP
Braat, S
Devlin, NJ
Peyton, PJ 
Radnor, J
Lam, CKM 
Story, DA 
Keywords: Atelectasis
Neuromuscular blockade
Source: 2021 Nov 9;7(1):200
Journal Title: Pilot and feasibility studies
Abstract: Background: Sugammadex reduces residual neuromuscular blockade after anaesthesia, potentially preventing postoperative pulmonary complications. However, definitive evidence is lacking. We therefore conducted a feasibility and pilot trial for a large randomised controlled trial of sugammadex, neostigmine, and postoperative pulmonary complications. Methods: Patients aged ≥40 years having elective or expedited abdominal or intrathoracic surgery were recruited in Australia and Hong Kong. Perioperative care was at the discretion of clinicians, except for the use of rocuronium and/or vecuronium for neuromuscular blockade and the randomised intervention (sugammadex or neostigmine) for reversal. Feasibility measurements included recruitment, crossover, acceptability, completeness, and workload. Trial coordinator feedback was systematically sought. Patient-reported quality of life was measured using the EQ-5D-5L score. The primary pilot outcome was the incidence of new pulmonary complications up to hospital discharge (or postoperative day 7 if still in hospital). Results: Among 150 eligible patients, 120 consented to participate (recruitment rate 80%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 73 to 86%). The randomised intervention was administered without crossover to 115 of 117 patients who received reversal (98%, 95% CI 94 to 100%). The protocol was acceptable or highly acceptable to the anaesthetist in 108 of 116 cases (93%, 95% CI 87 to 97%; missing = 4). Four patients of the 120 patients were lost to follow-up at 3 months (3.3%, 95% CI 0.9 to 8.3%). Case report forms were complete at 3 months for all remaining patients. The median time to complete trial processes was 3.5 h (range 2.5-4.5 h). Trial coordinators reported no barriers to trial processes. Patients were aged 64 (standard deviation 11) years, 70 (58%) were male and 50 (42%) were female, and planned surgeries were thoracic (23 [19%]), upper abdominal (41 [34%]), and lower abdominal (56 [47%]). The primary outcome was observed in 5 (8.5%) of the 59 sugammadex patients and 5 (8.2%) of the 61 neostigmine patients (odds ratio 1.02, 95% CI 0.28 to 3.67). Conclusions: A large international randomised controlled trial of sugammadex, neostigmine and postoperative pulmonary complications in adult patients having abdominal and intrathoracic surgery, including collection of cost-effectiveness evidence for Health Technology Appraisal, is feasible. Trial registration: Prospectively registered at the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ( ACTRN12620001313921 ) on December 7, 2020. .
DOI: 10.1186/s40814-021-00942-9
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 2055-5784
Grant Name: The SNAPP Pilot Study: Suggamedex, Neostigimine and Postoperative Pulmonary Complications 
Type: Journal Article
Affiliates: University of Melbourne
Study/Trial: Pilot/Feasibility Study
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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